Anaesthesiology is concerned with general anaesthetics to induce reversible sleep, eg. for surgery or some medical tests, to prevent pain and discomfort. This allows medical procedures to be done that would otherwise not be possible.
Nuclear medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases through the use of radioactive materials. The doses of radioactive materials used are usually small.
Dentistry is concerned with the teeth and mouth, and involves the repair or removal of decayed teeth, straightening and adjustment of teeth, and design, manufacture, and fitting of false teeth and other devices.
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is concerned with treatment of conditions of the face, mouth and jaw. This includes repair of cleft lip/palate, facial trauma and surgery for cancer.
Dermatology is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the skin hair, nails, mouth, and genitals, and can also include cosmetic care.
Pathology is concerned with the study of tissues and cells through a microscope to diagnose illnesses, and improve our treatment and understanding of diseases.
Geriatric medicine is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of old age, and social aspects of illness in older people. This specialty is also called ‘care of the elderly’.
Plastic surgery is concerned with the repair of missing or damaged tissue and skin due to surgery, illness, injury or birth abnormality, and can also include cosmetic surgery.
Haematology is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of disorders of the blood and bone marrow. This specialty also supports the blood transfusion service.
Psychiatry is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental health conditions. Psychiatrists use verbal communication as therapy, but can also prescribe medicines.
Infectious diseases is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by micro-organisms, eg. bacteria or viruses. This specialty is also involved in preventing the spread of infection from one person to another.
Public health is concerned with preventing diseases, promoting health and prolonging life among a specific population.
Internal medicine is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases by non-surgical techniques. This specialty is also called general medicine, and the doctors in this area of medicine are sometimes known as physicians or internists.
Rheumatology is concerned with diagnosing and treating arthritis and rheumatic diseases, conditions that affect the joints, muscles and bones.
*This is not a complete list of all the medical specialties available. The information provided is for educational reference only and should not be seen as medical advice.
Please consult qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting on any treatment.